Croatia - UDRUGA HRVATSKIH URBANISTA (UHU-ACUP)
Annual UHU reports to ECTP-CEU
Croatia’s projects presented by the UHU-ACUP to the ECTP-CEU European and Regional Planning Awards:
2012 – 9th Edition:
• Zagreb – Spansko-Oranice
2016 – 11th Edition:
• Spatial Development Strategy of the Republic of Croatia
Country Factsheet for Croatia (.hr)
ECTP-CEU Study Profession qualification Recognition - Stage II document - Appendix 4 Draft Directory (2012-12-21)
General Country Information
Planning as a Regulated Profession in Croatia
The regulation is indirectly operated by “HKA – Hrvatska komora arhitekata”, the Chamber of Croatian Architects.
Professional Title:The common professional name is “Ovlašteni arhitekt urbanist”, Authorised Architect – urbanist
EU Database Status:The profession of “Ovlašteni arhitekt urbanist” in Croatia is not included in the EU Database of Regulated Professions.
National Regulation:Indirect through the Chamber of Croatian Architects, which holds a register of those allowed to practice under this title.
Universities with approved trainings in Croatia
The courses leading to the profession of “Ovlašteni arhitekt /Ovlašteni arhitekt urbanist”, or town planner, are Third Level Degree in Planning.
Example from “ECTP-CEU Draft Stage 2 Study on the Recognition of Planning Qualifications in Europe”:
Master of Architecture and Urbanism, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture:
It is a four semesters course, based on matters such as:
• Croatian Space and Architecture
• Sustainable Construction
• Spatial Planning
• Urban Transformation
• The History of European Urbanism
• Modern Housing
• Theory of Architecture
Town Planning Press of Croatia
• Čovjek i prostor
• Sociologija i prostor
• Život umjetnosti
• Radovi instituta za povijest umjetnosti
• Elektronički časopis e-GFOS
• Turizam: međunarodni znanstveno-stručni časopis
Town Planning matters are divided between the three main competent levels in Croatia:
• The National Level
• The Regional Level
• The Local Level
The National Level:
In order to harmonize spatial objectives and the organization of the State, the Croatian Parliament adopted the “Physical Planning Strategy and Programme of the State”. It determines the plans and documents that must adopted by the planning entities, and sets out objectives through guidelines and frameworks for the spatial development. Based on natural, economic, social and cultural matters, it integrates purpose and use of space with environmental protection.
The Regional Level:
Thanks to “County Physical Plans”, the regional spatial and economic matters are structured and settled to develop and protect natural, historical, and landscape values without ignoring the need of a stronger economy. These plans have to be approved by the ministry and in accordance with the national “Physical Planning Strategy”. The “Physical plans in areas with particular features” are made for national and nature parks, or for areas designated by the “Physical Planning Programme” or the “County Physical Plan”.
The Local Level:
There is “Physical Plan for the development of the municipality/city” on the local level, which sets out conditions to the use of space and protections to the environment, cultural monuments or any valuable part of the city. It is a local framework for land-use. Two others documents can complete this framework: the “Master Development Plan” that includes measures for environmental improvement and protection; the “Urban Development Plan” determines the possible uses for public spaces, such as streets or transport network.
• Parliament of the Republic, County Assembly, City Assembly, Town/Municipality Council or Assembly.
PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNICATION
Information, consultation and dialogue
All the departments that have activities related to the environment must integrate the public in their creation process of a planning document. These obligations come from the two principles of an integral approach and of coordinating the interests of the users of an area. State administration bodies and public authorities must provide data on the planning documents and organize a public discussion for each proposal of a physical and town plan. Everyone has the right to comment and make remarks, as well as they have the right to get an explanation on their rejection.
This public participation continues during its implementation, and even if it is reduced to the neighbours, they have a significant power of influence, including the right to a suspensive appeal.